Context to present crisis
With the beginning of the 20th century, Afghanistan was realized to become the proxy nation to fight the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Being closest to the softest part of the Soviet’s southern belly, the Soviets wanted to control the political power in Afghanistan, making the Americans interfere. This made Afghanistan the victim of the superpower rivalry.
The 1979 invasion by the Soviets led to 10 years of instability in Afghanistan causing the alliance between the Americans and the Mujahedeen, which in 1989 was finally concluded with the Soviets lost. With the Soviets leaving in 1989 America lost its interest too and left.
For Pakistan, a Soviet-friendly regime would mean an India-friendly regime, which it could not afford and hence it continuously tried to join forces with the Islamists in Afghanistan to destabilize the government.
With Najibullah’s Soviet and India-friendly government Pakist
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